OPE体育

OPE体育孟小峰教授团队在人民论坛发布有关数据垄断及其治理模式的研究成果

发布时间:2020-09-25 17:01 浏览量:508来源:人民论坛新闻类型: 学院新闻

OPE体育jinri,renminluntanfabuleopeguanwangmengxiaofengjiaoshouyouguanshujulongduanjiqizhilimoshideyanjiuchengguo。

OPE体育mengxiaofengjiaoshoutuanduijiyu3000wanzhenshiyonghushujuhe30wanappshuju,duidangqiandeshujushoujiqingkuangjinxinglelianghuafenxifaxian,dangqianshujulongduanxingshiyichangyanjun,duishujujinxingyouxiaozhilipozaimeijie。

mengxiaofengjiaoshoushouxianyidangqianshujushoujizhemendeshujuhuoquliangweiyiju,fenxileshujulongduandechengyin。ranhoutichulesanzhongshujuzhilimoshi,yihuanjieshujulongduanxingshi、cujinshujuanquanyugongpingdegongxiangliutong。zuihou,mengxiaofengjiaoshouzhichu:shujutoumingshijiejueshujulongduanwentidegenbentujing,shiweilaishujuzhilidebijingzhilu。

OPE体育zuoweizhongyangzhuliumeiti、zhongdiandangkan、sixianglilunchuanbozhongyaopingtai,《renminluntan》quanfangweijijiesixiangdongtai、shencengciyanpanzhengceshiju、duoshijiaojiexirediannandian,hudongchuanbomingjiadajiaheshijianyixianguanyuandejingpinlizuoyuqianyansikao;beiduzheyuweijuyouguojiyingxianglide“zhongguodiyizhenglunqikan”,zhuanzailv、yinyonglv、yingxiangli、guanzhuduminglietongleiqikanqianmao,fanxiangjuda。dangqian,《renminluntan》yichengzhangguoneilingxiandegaoduansixianglilunchuanbopingtai。

 

 

破解数据垄断的几种治理模式研究

 

laiyuan: renminluntan zuozhe: mengxiaofeng

yuanwenlianjie:

【zhaiyao】suizheshujudeleiji,butongkejiqiyezaishujuziyuandechubeiliangshangdechayiyujiamingxian,shujulongduanzhujianxingcheng,bingcuishengle“yansaihu”,daozhigeqiyejiandeshujunanyihutong,yonghuyinsixieluwentisuizhituxian。yinci,tongguoyouxiaodeshujuzhililaihuanjieshujulongduanxingshi、cujinshujuanquanyugongpingdegongxiangliutongkeburonghuan。yifangmianyingwanshandangqiandeshujuzhilimoshi,fahuixianyouzhilishouduandezuoyong;lingyifangmianyaojijikaituotouminghuadeshujuzhilikuangjia,jiejueyishujulongduanweizhudeshujulunliwenti,goujianjiankangyouxudezhongguodashujushengtai。

OPE体育【guanjianci】shujulongduan shujuzhili shujutouming 【zhongtufenleihao】f49 【wenxianbiaoshima】a

OPE体育dashujushidai,hailiangshujudeleijicuishengleshujuwajue、jiqixuexidengxinxingjishu,tongshiyeweizheixiejishuyuceweilai、zuochujuecetigonglejichu,weishehuichuangzaoleqiansuoweiyoudejiazhi。suizheshujudeleiji,shujuzuoweiqudongrengongzhinengdengjishufazhandezhongyaoziyuan,zhujianchengweigekejigongsizhengduodezhuyaoduixiang,butongkejiqiyezaishujuziyuandechubeiliangshangdechayiyeyujiamingxian,shujulongduanzhujianxingcheng,bingcuishengle“yansaihu”,geqiyejiandeshujunanyihutong,bingqieyouyushujubenshenyugerenyinsidemiqieguanxi,yonghuyinsixieluwentiyisuizhituxian。bizhedailingtuanduijiyu3000wanzhenshiyonghushujuhe30wanappshuju,duidangqiandeshujushoujiqingkuangjinxinglelianghuafenxifaxian,dangqianshujulongduanxingshiyichangyanjun,duishujujinxingyouxiaozhilipozaimeijie,ershujutouminghuayingshiweilaishujuzhilidezhutihebijingzhilu。

当前移动应用软件市场的数据垄断现状

weilianghuadangqianyidongyingyongshichangdeshujulongduanqingkuang,bizhejiyu3000wanzhenshiyonghushujuhe30wanappshuju,shiyongquanxianfenxifadui2018yu2019liangniandashujushoujixianzhuangjinxingfenxi。fenxidezhuyaoduixiangbaokuo:shujushengchanzhe,jichanshengshujudegerenhuojigou,zaiyidongyingyongchangjingzhongtongchangzhiyidongyonghu;shujushoujizhe,jiyizhudonghuobeidongdefangshishoujishujudegerenhuojigou,zaiyidongyingyongchangjingzhongtongchangzhiappkaifashang;shujushiyongzhe,jiyirenhexingshichulihuoshiyongshujudegerenhuojigou,zaiyidongyingyongchangjingzhongtakeyishishujushoujizhe,yekeyishitongguoshujuliutong、gongxiangdengfangshihuoqushujudedisanfang;shujujianguanzhe,jizaishujushouji、liutong、shiyongguochengzhongduishujujinxinghefajianguandegerenhuojigou,tongchangbaokuoxiangguanzhengfujigouhekexindisanfangdeng。fenxijieguoxianshi,dangqianyidongyingyongshichangshujulongduanxingshishifenyanjun,10%deshujushoujizhekehuoqu99%deyonghuquanxianshuju,shujushoujidebupinghengxianxiangyuanshenyushehuicaifufenpeizhongdeerbadinglv。

 

shouxian,congzongtishujulongduanxianzhuanglaikan,weixiangxichanminggaishujushoujixianzhuang,bizhegenjuhuoququanxianshujudeshuliangjiduishujushoujizhejinxinghuafen,jianghuoqu1yijiyishangquanxianshujudeshoujizhedingyiwei“yijiquanxianshujushoujizhe”,huoqu1yiyixia1qianwanyishangquanxianshujudeshujushoujizhedingyiwei“qianwanjiquanxianshujushoujizhe”,bingyicileitui。zhuyaojielunruxia:genju2019nianzongtishujushoujizhuangkuang,dangqianshujulongduanxingshiyanjun,jishaoshushujushoujizhelongduanlejuedabufenquanxianshuju。2019niandushujulongduande“zhulijun”shizhanjusuoyoushujushoujizheshuliang1%de“baiwanji、qianwanji、yijidequanxianshujushoujizhe”,tamenkehuoquyue92%dequanxianshuju。duibi2018nianduyu2019niandushujulongduanzhuangkuang,qian10%dequanxianshujushoujizhehuoqudequanxianshujuliangzhanbilveyoujianshao,danzongtishangshujulongduantaishijugaobuxia。jutieryan,butongjibiequanxianshujushoujizhedeshuliangyuhuoqushujuliangdeduibifenburutu1suoshi,“baiwanji、qianwanji、yijidequanxianshujushoujizhe”benshendeshuliangjixiao,danquanxianshujuhuoquliangjunzai10%yishang,erqiyudaliangdeshujushoujizhekehuoqudeshujuliangbuzu3%。gaizhuangkuangcongbutongbilishujushoujizhehuoququanxianshujufenbuqingkuangzhongtixiandegengweimingxian,rutu2suoshi。biao1jichu2018nianduyu2019nianduquanxianshujushoujideduibiqingkuang,qibianhualiangweifuzhishuomingzheixiequanxianshujushoujizhehuoqushujuliangzhanbiyousuojianshao,danquanxianshujushoujizheshuliangchaoguo5%hou,qihuoqushujuliangdebianhuaweihuqiwei。kejian,woguozongtishujulongduanxingshiyijiuyanjun。

 

qici,congfenleishujulongduanxianzhuanglaikan,bizhesuozaituanduiduigoogle playjiguoneidisanfangyingyongwangzhanzhongappfenleijinxingdiaoyan,jiangdangqianshichangshangdeapphuafenwei20lei,fenbieshianquanlei、shenghuolei、shejiaolei、bangonglei、licailei、gouwulei、jiaoyulei、ertonglei、lvyouchuxinglei、sheyingtupianlei、shipinlei、gongjulei、tongxinlei、xinwenlei、yiliaolei、yinlelei、youxilei、yulelei、yueduleiheyundonglei。jiyugaifenlei,dechuruxiajielun:meileiappdeshujulongduanxingshidoushifenyanjun,qian10%deshujushoujizhejunshoujilebushaoyu97%dequanxianshuju。geleiappzhong,gongjulei、shejiaoleiheyouxileiweishujulongduandezhongzaiqu,jiaoyuleiheyueduleideshujulongduanzhuangkuangjiaozongtishuipingyousuohuanjie。jutiqingkuangrutu3suoshi,gongjulei、shejiaoleiheyouxileideqian0.1%shujushoujizheshoujileyue80%dequanxianshuju,qian1%deshujushoujizheshoujileyue95%dequanxianshuju,erqian5%deshujushoujizhejiushoujileyue99%dequanxianshuju。zaixingshijiaoweihuanhedejiaoyuleiheyuedulei,qian1%deshujushoujizheshoujileyue75%dequanxianshuju,diyugaibilishujushoujizheduiyingdezongtizhanbi。

 

OPE体育zuihou,congzhuyaoshujushoujizhelongduanxianzhuanglaikan,bizheduishujuhuoquliangpaimingqian5deshujushoujizheduibifenxi,yizhanshidangqianzhuyaoshujushoujizhedelongduanxianzhuang。weibaohushujushoujizhedegetiyinsi,gaifenxiyinzangzhei5geshujushoujizhedemingcheng,jintigongtongjixingjieguo。zhei5geshujushujuzhe,zuiduodekehuoqu8%dequanxianshuju,zuishaozhekehuoqu3%dequanxianshuju,leijikehuoqujin24%deshuju。yejiushishuo,jinzhei5geshujushoujizhe,jiukehuoquyue1/4deyonghushuju。qizhong,3geshujushoujizhesuokaifaappshejile18geyishangdeappleibie,qiyu2geshujushoujizhecezhongyudangelingyu,qikaifaappjinshejilebuzu5geleibie。zhei5geshujushoujizhedegongtongdianshi:qikaifaappduiyingdeyonghuliangquntijunshifenpangda。

以当前数据收集者们的数据获取量为依据,分析数据垄断的成因

OPE体育zaiyanjundeshujulongduanxingshixia,tanjiushujulongduanchengyinshifenguanjian。dangqianshujulongduandexingchengyushujuzishendetedian、shujushoujizhemendeshangyeyunyingmoshiyijirengongzhinengshidaidewangluoxiaoyingmiqiexiangguan。

OPE体育diyi,shujuyijuji、nanquequandetexing,shideshujulongduanyixingcheng。dashujushidai,hailiangshujutongguoyidongshebei、chuanganqiwangluodengyuanyuanbuduandizidongchansheng,shujudeshengchanchengbenjiaodi,tongshiqibenshendejiazhimiduyejiaodi,hailiangshujudejiazhixutongguoshujuwajue、jiqixuexidengjishutiqu。erzheixiejishubenzhishangshishujuqudongxingjishu,xujiyudaliangshujudeshurucainenghuoqugaozhunquexing、gaokeyongxingdeshuchujieguo,zaochengshujubenshenyijujidetedian。ciwai,shujubenshendeteshuxingshiqijibutongyushiyou、kuangzangleideziranchanwu,yebutongyuzhuanli、zuopindengjingshenchanwu,nanyiquedingqisuoyouquan。zaidangqianshujubunengyijufalvfaguiquequandexianzhuangxia,shujushoujideheliheguixingdebudaoyouxiaobaozheng,yixingchengshujulongduan。

dier,shujuguatouduochanpin、kualingyu、gaoyonghuliangdeshangyeyunyingtedian,shishujulongduanxingchengdezhongyaoyinsu。shujuguatoujidangqianshujulongduandezhuyaoduixiang,duiyingdejiushipaimingqian0.1%deshujushoujizhe。dangqianshujuguatoumentongguoyewukuozhang、zibenyunzuo、binggoudengfangshiwanchengqiyekuozhang,daozhiqijuyouduochanpin、kualingyudeshangyetedian,bingjucixiyinhuoweixihailiangyonghu,congerjuyouhailiangshujushoujidenengli,xingchengshujulongduan。fenxijieguobiaoming,zaiyidongyingyongshichang,shujushoujizhemenkaifaappdeshuliangyueduo、shiyongliangyuegao、shezudelingyuyueduo,qihuoqudequanxianshujuliangyueda,yueyoukenengchengweishujuguatou,xingchengshujulongduan。xianran,qian0.1%dequanxianshujushoujizhedezheisangeyinsubiqitaquanxianshujushoujizhemingxiangaochushubei。

OPE体育disan,rengongzhinengshidaidewangluoxiaoyingcujinshujulongduanxingcheng。rengongzhinengjishushujuqudongdetedianshiqibenshenjiujuyouwangluoxiaoying。suizherengongzhinengjishuchanpinshiyongdeyonghuliangjizeng,gaijishukehuoqugengduoyonghudeshujushuru,congerkechuangjiankeyongxinggenggaodeshujumoxing,zengjiaqizishenjiazhidetongshixiyinbingfuwuyugengduoyonghu。dangqianyidongyingyongshichangshangdeshujuguatoujunweidaxingkejigongsi,tamenjunshouyiyurengongzhinengdengjishudezhichi。xiangyingdi,jiyuqihailiangdeyonghushuju,tamenkechixufazhanyouhuaqichanpinyufuwu,jinyibuweichibingxiyinxinyonghu。erbenshenchuyuruoshideshujushoujizhemenzexianyuqichanpinhuofuwudeshengjinengli,poyushujuguatoufazhandeyalizhujianliushiyonghu,gunxueqiuxiaoyingchansheng,shujulongduanxianxiangsuizhijiaju。

缓解数据垄断形势、促进数据安全与公平的共享流通,三种数据治理模式更为有效

OPE体育yanjundeshujulongduanxingshijidangqianyidonghulianwangdefazhandailailejudadetiaozhan。shujulongduanshideguatougongsiyongyoudabufendeyonghushuju,zaishujuqudongdefazhanmoshixia,yasuolegailingyuneiqitagongsideshengcunkongjian,buliyuxiaoxingqiyedefazhan。shujulongduanyidingchengdushangpohuaileshichangziyoujingzhengdeguize,shujuguatougongsijiyuhailiangshujuzibenzhangwoshichangzhudaoquan。duixiaoxingqiyededaya,shidexiaofeizheshiqutongleifuwudeketidaixuanxiang。shujulongduanyoukenengzuduanxiaoxingqiyedejishuchuangxin,erdaxingqiyeliyongqifengfudeshujukekaifaduolingyudeshengchanjingyinghuodong,jishubileijinyibuyizhilexinjishudechansheng。shujulongduanshideguatouqiyeyijiaduda,zhangwoduiyonghushujudekongzhiquan,yijiajushujulanyong、yinsixielu、yonghuqishidengqitashujulunliwentidechansheng。yinci,yifangmian,yingguifanshujudeshouji、liutongheshiyong,cujinshujuziyuandehelipeizhi;lingyifangmian,yingjijitansuoyonghuyinsibaohudeshujugongxiangfangshi,cujinshujugongxiangliutong。xianyoudeshujuzhilimoshibaohanyixiasanzhong:

yishijubumoshi。zaishujuliutongqian,congshujuyuantoujiyuyinsibaohujishuduishujujinxingchuli,yidingchengdushangnenggouxianzhiqiyeshoujidaguimoshujudexingwei。dangqianyingyongdeyinsibaohujishuzhuyaobaokuojiyuraodongdeniminghua、chafenyinsijishuhejiyumimaxuedeanquanduofangjisuandeng,zheixiejishutigongdeyinsibaohuchengduyuegao,shoujishujudezhunquexingyuecha,jisuanchengbenyejiuyuegao。shujushoujizhebixupinghengyinsibaohuyushujuyouxiaojiazhizhijiandeguanxi,congerhuanjiedangqiandichengbendeshujushoujilongduanjushi。zaigaizhilimoshixia,shujuguatourengchiyoudabufenshujudekongzhiquan,shujulongduanyousuohuanjiedanbingweigenchu,bingqiexuyaoquanhenghaoshujuzhiliyuchanyeshuchuzhijiandeguanxi。

ershizhongjiemoshi。zaishujuliutongguochengzhongzengjiadisanfangzhongjiepingtai,canyushujuliutong,cujinshujugongxiang。dangqiandezhongjiepingtaizhuyaobaokuoshujujiaoyipingtai、shujuzhongbaopingtaiheshujugongxiangpingtaisanzhongmoxing,fenbieshiyongyubutongqingjing。zi2015nianguowuyuanyinfa《cujindashujufazhanxingdonggangyao》yilai,quanguofanweineiyongxianchuduogeshujujiaoyipingtai,baokuoyishujubaojiaoyiweizhudezhengfuleishujujiaoyisuo,ruguizhoudashujujiaoyisuo、shanghaishujujiaoyizhongxin、zhangjiangdashujujiaoyizhongxindeng,yijiyiapijiekoumoshiweizhudeminyingpingtai,rujuheshuju、jingdongwanxiang、shujutangdeng。shujuzhongbaopingtaiweiqiyehuogerentigongyouchangdeshujugongyingjixiazaitujing,muqianyoubaidushujuzhongbao、youdaozhongbao、mayizhongbaodengpingtai。shujugongxiangpingtaibaokuoshujuzhijiegongxiangheshujujianjiegongxiangliangzhongfangshi。zhijieshujugongxiangpingtaiyijubiyaodesheshiguize,tuidonggonggongbumenzhijianbuduichengxinxideliutongheqiyezhijianshujudeheligongxiang,jiaoweidianxingdeshiyingguorengongzhinengshiyanshiyukaifangshujuyanjiusuohezuojianlide“shujuxintuo”shiyandian,qimudeshicujinduojituanzhijiandeshujugongxiang。jianjieshujugongxiangpingtaijujueduiyuanshujudezhijiegongxiang,zhichiduibendishujuxunliandedaodemoxingcanshujinxinggongxiang,erhouyouduofangcanyuzhegongtongxunlianxiaoguojiaoqiangdejiqixueximoxing。gaifangfafuhedangqianshujuqudongdejishufazhanqingjingyuyonghuyinsibaohudexuqiu,judaibiaoxingdeshiweizhonglianbangxuexixiangmuyuhuaweinaielianbangxuexipingtai。congzongtifazhanxianzhuanglaikan,disanfangzhongjiedexiangmuzhongduo,danmuqianshujujiaoyi、gongxiangdeguimobingbuda,juyouhendadefazhankongjian。

sanshiquanjumoshi。duishujuchansheng、liutongheshiyongdezhenggeshengmingzhouqijinxingjianguan,ruohuashujuguatouduishujudezhangkongquan,zengqiangshujushengchengzhe(jiyonghu)heshujujianguanzheduishujudekongzhiquan。gaimoshizhuyaofenweizhongxinhuahequzhongxinhualiangzhongxingshi。zhongxinhuaquanjumoshishizhijianlitongyideshujujianguanpingtai,duishujujinxingtongyiguanli,rukuketiyimeiguolianbangmaoyiweiyuanhuizujiande“shujuqingsuansuo”,tongguojianguanshujuliutongzhuangkuanglaiquebaoyonghuduishujudekongzhiquan。quzhongxinhuaquanjumoshizhijiezhuqukuailian、zhinengheyuedengquzhongxinhuajishuyupingtai,duishujushouji、liutong、gongxiang、shiyong、jiesuandengguochengcunzheng,goujiankeyanzheng、kezhuizong、kesuyuandeshujugongxiangyujianguanjizhi,muqianyiyouzhongduozhengfujigouyuxueshujigouzaicifangmianzhankaiyanjiu。quanjumoshixiangjiaoqitaliangzhongzhilimoxingchengbengenggao,muqiangaishujuzhilitixizhengzaigoujianzhong,qiyingyongshangbuchengshu。

数据透明是解决数据垄断问题的根本途径,是未来数据治理的必经之路

shangshushujuzhilimoshiyizhengfuheitqiyeweizhuyaocanyuzhe,zhenduishujulongduan、zusai、buhutongdengwentitichujubuhuoquanjudezhilifangan,zhongdianzaiyukejiankongdeshujuzichanpinghengfenpei。raner,dangxiadeshujulongduanwentibujinjinshishujuzichandefenpeishihengwenti,gengshirengongzhinengshidaishujulunlidewenti,shujulongduandejiajuhuidaozhishujuyinsi、shujuqishidengqitalunliwentidefasheng。bizherenwei,dangxiadashujude“yansaihu”yiranxingcheng,shujulongduanyufayanzhong,shujuyinsiyugongpingwenticengchubuqiong,guigenjiedishishujushouji、liutong、gongxiang、shiyonghejueceguochengzhongdebutoumingxingsuozhi。yinci,shujutoumingshijiejueshangshuwentidegenbentujing,shiweilaishujuzhilidebijingzhilu。

shujutouming,bingbubiaoshishujuduisuoyourengongkaikejian,tazhideshishujuzaiqishengmingzhouqizhongduiqicongshuzhutitouminghua,jizaishujushouji、liutong、gongxiang、shiyonghejueceguochengzhong,baozhengshujuduiqiyongyouzhe、shiyongzhehejianguanzhexianshibufenhuoquanbudetoumingxing。zaizhenggeshujutoumingkuangjiazhong,shujudeyinsibixujiayikaolvbingdedaobaozheng。duishujulongduaneryan,shujutoumingdeyingyongkecujinshujushouji、liutongheshiyongjiludeshengcheng,congerwanchengshujudeshenji、suyuanyuwenze。gaifangshijikedadaoshujujianguandemude,youkeweishujugongxiangfangxiangyufangshitigongpingguyiju,jieheshujufangwenkongzhijishukequanfangmianjiankongbingfangzhishujulongduandeshengcheng。

hongguanshang,jiyushujutoumingdeshujuzhiliyingjujiaoyuyixiasangefangmianneirong:diyifangmian,baozhengshujuzhiliangyujiazhi。shujuzuoweidashujushidaikejiqiyedezhuyaoziyuan,zaishiyongshujuzhilishouduanxiediaogegeshehuizhutiliyishi,yingjiyushujutoumingjizhibaozhengshujudezhenshixing、zhengquexing,tongyiduoyuanshujubiaozhun,pingguyouxiaoshujujiazhi,congerbaozhengshujuqudongjuecedekekaoxing。dierfangmian,pingguhejianguangerenyinsishujudeshiyong。yonghuzuoweidashujushengchanzhe,jiyizaishujuliutongguochengzhongdiushiduizishenshujudekongzhiquan。jiyushujutouming,kepingguhejianguangerenyinsishujudeliuxiangjiyongtu,shiyonghuzhongshishujukongzhiquan,youxiaobimianshujuguodushoujiyujuji,yufanggerenyinsishujuxielu。disanfangmian,jianguanbingcujinshujuliutongyugongxiang。zheiyeshizuduanshujulongduandezhongyaojucuo,danzaishishishixujiangushujuyinsi,kaolvgecanyuzhutijiandexinrenmoxing,pinghenggefangliyi。

jutieryan,jiyushujutoumingdeshujuzhilikejiezhuqukuailianjishushixian。jiyuqukuailiangongkaitouming、quzhongxinhuahebukecuangaidetexing,kezaishujushengmingzhouqizhongdegejieduanfenbiejinxingyouxiaodeshujuzhili。zaishujucunchujieduan,jiyuqukuailianhezhinengheyuecunchushuju,kedadaozhichishenjidemude,fangzhigaiguochengzhongshujuweizao、shujucuangai、shujubiaozhunbutongyidengwentidechuxian。zaishujushoujiyugongxiangjieduan,keshiyongqukuailianbaocunshujudeshoujiyugongxiangrizhi,duishujuliutongguochengjinxingzhuizongsuyuan;tongshijiehecelvechengnuo、weifajiance、yinsishenji,kezaiyinsibaohujishushixiaodeqingkuangxiatongguosuyuanwenzebaohuyinsi,bingweishishishujujianguan、fangzhishujulongduantigongjishuzhichi。zaishujushiyongyujuecejieduan,kejiyuqukuailianduishujujisuanjiedianjinxingyanzheng,tongguojingjichengfadengshouduanfangzhieyicanyufangdejiaru,tongshiyanzhengjuecejieguodekekaoxing,quebaoshujudegaoxiaohelichanchu。

2020nian4yue6ri,zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanyinfade《guanyugoujiangengjiawanshandeyaosushichanghuapeizhitizhijizhideyijian》tichu,yaojiakuaipeiyushujuyaosushichangdegainian,bingqiangdiaoleshujudekaifangyugongxiang。zheishidejiejueshujulongduanwenti、pingguhejianguanshujudehelifenpeiyushiyong,biandegengjiajinpohebiyao。tongshi,tayeduishujugongxiangliutongfangshiheshujuzhiliangdengtichulegenggaodeyaoqiu。jiangshujuzuoweiyaosuyinggaifangzaishujuzhilidekuangjiaxiajiayikaoliang,xuyaozonghekaolvshujushengmingzhouqineixiangguancanyuzhutidequanliyuyiwu。zaiweilaishujuzhilideguochengzhong,womenyifangmianyaowanshandangqiandeshujuzhilimoshi,fahuixianyouzhilishouduandezuoyong;lingyifangmianyaojijikaituotouminghuadeshujuzhilikuangjia,jiejueyishujulongduanweizhudeshujulunliwenti,goujianjiankangyouxudezhongguodashujushengtai,cujindashujuchanyeheliguifanfazhan。

(zuozheweiopetiyujiaoshou、bodao)

【cankaowenxian】

①《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanguanyugoujiangengjiawanshandeyaosushichanghuapeizhitizhijizhideyijian》,zhongguozhengfuwang,2020nian4yue6ri。

②《guowuyuanguanyuyinfacujindashujufazhanxingdonggangyaodetongzhi》,zhongguozhengfuwang,2015nian9yue5ri。

OPE体育③《xijinping:shishiguojiadashujuzhanlve,jiakuaijiansheshuzizhongguo》,《renminribao》,2017nian12yue10ri。